Ancient caves and a deep blue lake – the cave village of Rübeland is ideal for hiking through the varied nature and geology of the Harz mountains.
Rübeland – cave location with attraction
Situated in the middle of bare rock faces on the narrow riverbed of the Bode and not far from the Rappbodetalsperre, the cave village of Rübeland has a history dating back to the Stone Age. From the early 8th century onwards, the area around Rübeland was permanently populated. From the 14th century onwards, solid local structures crystallized. Rafting on the Bode and two caves subsequently provided an economic and tourist upswing, which continues successfully to this day and makes Rübeland an attraction for nature lovers seeking recreation and geologically interested people. But whether robber knights in the now dilapidated castle or simply the rough landscape for the place name Rübeland are responsible, is still not clearly known.
Fascinating travel destination for centuries – the Baumannshöhle
Directly in the local center is one of the biggest visitor attractions in the Harz. The geologically highly interesting Baumann cave has fascinated Harz tourists and literary figures for centuries and was already secured in 1688. It is impressive 400 million years old and originated in the earth age of Devon. According to legend, a miner discovered the stalactite miracle around the middle of the 16th century. And the cave has another sensation in store: researchers found bones of the long extinct cave bear , which can be admired on the large bone field. The highlight of the Baumannshöhle is the Goethesaal. Dripstone decorated, it is the largest room of the cave and is used for theatre performances. The mountain paradise of stalagmites and stalactites is dominated by the kingdom of heaven, which represents the highest point of the Baumann Cave.
The sparkling counterpart – the Hermannshöhle in Rübeland
On the opposite bank of the Bode is the Hermannshöhle, which was discovered in the 1860s. With three floors, the river grotto is even larger than the tree man’s cave. A special feature are the stalactite sculptures and the glittering calcite crystals. And here, too, the cave bear once felt like a poodle. In the artificial Olmensee one exposes some specimens of the rare grottenolme in the middle of the 20th century. The bizarre amphibians can become up to 100 years old and with a little luck you might discover one of the rare creatures during a guided tour through the Hermannshöhle.
An extraordinary geological wonder – Blue Lake at Rübeland
In the course of mining limestone between Rübeland and Hüttenrode, miners created a shimmering lake with different colours depending on the season. The blue lake is fed by karst sources and is supersaturated with calcium. This is encased, filtered by sunlight, algae and suspended matter. These then let the ground and the clear water of the lake appear azure blue in spring and green in summer. The painting blue lake has thus become a valuable geotope. If you want to explore the natural wonder of the Blue Lake near Rübeland, you will find everything you need to know on an information board on a circular hiking trail and will be able to enjoy the constant views of a unique lake landscape.